Resignation and
Wrongful Resignation

STACEY REGINALD BALL

82 SCOLLARD STREET TORONTO, ON, M5R 1G2

STACEY REGINALD BALL

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The test to determine whether an employee has resigned is an objective one – would a reasonable person have understood that the plaintiff resigned given all the surrounding circumstances?

UNEQUIVOCAL EVIDENCE

Areas of Employment Law

Employees may resign from their place of work for any number of reasons. See Assouline v. Ogivar Inc. (1991), 39 C.C.E.L. 100 (B.C.S.C.) There must be clear and unequivocal evidence that the employee has actually resigned, or else an employer may find themselves in trouble. Further, the resignation must be given freely and voluntarily. An employee who “resigns” because their employer demands it is not considered to have resigned at all under the law. Like many areas of employment law, the particular circumstances of an individual’s resignation are crucially important. For example, an emotional and spontaneous outburst of “I quit!” and a comment that an employee as going to start looking for new employment was found to be insufficient to terminate an 11 year employment relationship.

See Widmeyer v. Municipal Enterprises Ltd. (1991), 36 C.C.E.L. 237 and Lelievre v. Commerce and Industry Insurance Co. of Canada (2007), 57 C.C.E.L. (3d) 31 (B.C.S.C.). As another example, if the parties do not agree on an exact termination date, it is less likely that the courts will find a valid resignation. See Moore v. University of western Ontario (1985), 8 C.C.E.L. 157 (Ont. H.C.J.). An employee who has properly resigned is able to change their mind, unless the employer has acted to its detriment on the employee’s expressed intention to resign. See Robinson v. Team Cooperheat-MQS Canada Inc. (2008), 67 C.C.E.L. (3d) 219 (Alta. Q.B.) and Lelievre v. Commerce and Industry Insurance Co. of Canada (2007), 57 C.C.E.L. (3d) 31 (B.C.S.C.) for recent Canadian cases on this point.

Wrongful Resignation

The length of notice that a resigning employee must give is not the same as the amount of reasonable notice an employer is required to provide to a terminated employee. The length will be impacted by factors such as the employee’s responsibilities, length of service, salary and the time it will take the employer to replace the employee. An employee who fails to provide proper notice of resignation to their employee may constitute a wrongful resignation. The point, after all, is to allow the employer time to find a replacement for the resigning employee. An employee may be breaching their contractual obligations under an employment agreement or collective bargaining agreement, or they may even be breaching their fiduciary duty to the employer.

See GasTOPS Ltd. v. Forsyth, [2009] O.J. No. 3969 (Ont. S.C.J.). Further, if an employee fails to provide reasonable notice, the employer may have an action for damages. If an employer claims damages, they must show evidence of a loss and they must demonstrate that they mitigated their loss. Please note that the above information does not constitute legal advice. It is general information about the law. If you require legal advice and assistance in an employment or labour matter, please contact the experts at Ball Professional Corporation.

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CLIENT REVIEWS

Google Reviews

Steven Wang
Steven Wang
19:58 18 Mar 19
Stacey was the third lawyer that I had hired to represent me, after the previous two didn't achieve anything for me. Stacey is very different. He is not only the author of Canadian Employment Law with profound knowledge and experience, he is also the most efficient one, direct to the point. He is the toughest one, well known by HR people, and he takes care of his client all by himself. There is no junior lawyers under him. That's the big difference comparing with other big employment law firms on Google, where I could only meet with a young lawyer with little experience. After he spoke with me for 45 minutes, he found the best way to break through. He didn't need to ask for a lot of document and he didn't bill hours to review them. His fee structure is aligned with his client's best interest. My problem was solved very quickly with a great result, and I only have to meet with him twice and exchange some emails. He's not just a tough fighter and negotiator, he got great strategy to make a deal. He answered my emails during the holidays. He comes in the office very early, and we had a conference call at 7am in the morning when we need to make a quick decision. To me, he is the best employment lawyer, a patient teacher and a friend. I strongly recommend him to those who need help.
Aiden Nix
Aiden Nix
01:13 06 Apr 19
Stacey was super helpful and increased my settlement a significant amount. He is very busy so you have to chase him down a bit but that is minor issue compared to all of the positives. Overall if you need a good labour lawyer then talk to him right away. He is THE lawyer to go to in Ontario!Thanks Stacey!
Sergei R
Sergei R
05:01 06 Dec 18
My experience with Stacey R. Ball was very positive. His fees are reasonable and value I received for the money was outstanding. Luckily, after his advice my situation was resolved almost amicably. You will not believe how reasonable some people can become after they start suspecting you have a good lawyer. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. If you suspect you might need a lawyer in the future because of some developing situation at work, I highly recommend you wait no more and talk to Stacey.
Danny T
Danny T
18:34 26 Feb 19
Stacey has recently represented me. He’s patient, but to the point which I can appreciate. No fluff. He worked quickly and even responded during his holidays. Definitely highly recommended.
Alexa Arsenault
Alexa Arsenault
19:36 01 Nov 18
If I could give Stacey Ball 30 stars I would! Stacey was right on the “ball” when it came to my legal matter. I called his office and his efficient staff scheduled me for an appointment the next day. He’s a great listener and comes to the point quickly, confidently, and succinctly. He explained best and worst case scenarios and dealt with my matter without delay. He was successful in concluding my legal matter to my satisfaction and met all my expectations. I highly recommend Stacey for all your legal matters.Alexa
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